Are you aware of what your child should know before Kindergarten? This post is part of a series that will later be compiled into an ebook on how to successfully homeschool your preschooler. Today I will share a list of gross motor and fine motor skills preschoolers should work on before Kindergarten.
Gross Motor Skills are the coordination of movements that are required for large movements: crawling, running, jumping, throwing, climbing, etc. These are the skills that develop before fine motor skills.
Here’s a list of skills your Preschooler should work on:
- runs (with good stamina)
- hops (on both feet and one foot)
- pedals and steers a tricycle
- climbs a playground ladder
- throws a ball with direction
- catches a thrown ball with arms and body
- bounces a ball
This game we played last fall that involved running and sorting leaves. We had a lot of fun with this!
Fine Motor Skills require the use of smaller muscle groups to perform tasks that are precise in nature. Here’s a list of what a Preschooler should work on:
- stacks 10, one-inch blocks
- strings beads
- grasps crayon and pencil correctly
- completes a simple puzzle (7 pieces or more)
- scissor skills
- uses glue neatly
- uses tweezers
- completes a pattern
- makes a pancake, snake, and ball from play dough
- copies: vertical line, horizontal line, circle, cross, square, V, triangle
- copies first name
- prints first name without a model
Here are a few posts I’ve shared on fine motor skills.
Playing with play dough is a great way to build up strength in the hand to perform fine motor skills. This is a great activity that uses play dough and scissors!
I recommend buying kid tweezers for kids to practice pinching small objects. Here’s an activity (with a free printable) using tweezers to pick up goldfish.
Lacing is another great skill to work on. It can be frustrating for your child at first, but with practice they will improve.
Lastly, I’ll share an activity we did with stringing beads to make a butterfly.
Both of these motor skills work together to help us function throughout the day. You may wonder if spending time developing them is actual important. Yes, they will develop them eventually on their own, but I don’t think they are fully developed without some planned practice. I think the biggest reason to work on fine motor skill is that it directly impacts a child’s handwriting and cutting skills. In order to expect your child to write well, you need to focus on developing fine motor skills before ever asking your child to write. It is that important!
What are your thoughts? Anything you would add to this list?