My oldest, who is almost 5, recently started attending a wonderful church preschool. At school, he is asked to trace his name as well as other letters they are working on. When I watch him write, I notice he is upset when he can’t follow the lines perfectly. (I think he got this perfectionist trait from me…sorry!) I also notice that it is hard for him to control the writing utensil. Because I saw this lack of confidence in his writing skills and I decided to help him with this. I realized the best place to start is with building up hand strength and to practice fine motor skills. Kids need to build up their hand strength through fine motor skills before actually writing. So today, I’m sharing 10 pre-writing activities we’ve been doing at home to build strength in my preschooler’s hands.
Just playing with playdough is great for building strength in hands. Practice making balls, rolling playdough into snakes, or create fun designs.
Practice the pincer grip by painting with a q-tip. Kids love this activity and you get to make beautiful art!
Beads & Pipe Cleaners
Use the pincer grip to slide beads onto pipe cleaners.
Using scissors is a great way to build hand strength. If paper is too hard to cut, try cutting playdough.
Write in Corn Meal
This is so much fun! Just pour corn meal, sugar, or flour onto a tray. Then let your child write with their finger to make letters or designs.
After using fingers to write, try using a writing utensil. Encourage using the tripod grip on the utensil.
An easy fine motor activity is using tweezers or tongs to transfer objects. Even toddlers can try this one out! I love this skunk tweezer we found at a local education store. (Sorry I can’t find it on the web!)
Opening a clothespin takes a lot of strength. I love using count and clip cards to practice using clothespins. The child simply counts the objects on the card and then puts a clothespin on the correct number. You can download a free copy of our desert animals clip cards here or kite clip cards here.
Just scrunching paper into a ball is great for building hand strength! You could use newspaper, tissue paper, wrapping paper, or regular paper. And what kid doesn’t love throwing paper balls?!
Simply take a glass of water and have your child practice using a water dropper. I colored our water with food coloring and had him transfer all the water from one cup to the other. The squeezing motion will help build strength in the child’s hand.
While it’s important to do fine motor activities, also give your child opportunities to practice using writing utensils. Let them use markers, crayons, colored pencils, dry erase markers, etc. Another tip is to break crayons in half so it’s easier to write with.
The key to good handwriting is continual practice with fine motor skills. If your child has poor handwriting, it may be they need more practice with fine motor skills. To read more on this subject, I recommend reading this article on teaching handwriting written by my OT blogging friend.
After a couple weeks of doing these pre-writing activities, I’ve noticed an improvement of strength in his hands and better handwriting! And he feels much more confident in writing. We’ll continue to work on this!
What prewriting activity would you add to this list?